If you’re new to working out or eating well (or both), then you’ll probably start off by getting some fitspiration from various Instagram/Twitter/Facebook accounts. Fab! Loads of motivational quotes, ab-filled pictures and restaurant-esque photos to get you motivated for your own fitness journey.
But head on down to the description or comments and you’ll see what practically looks like the longest scientific equation in the world, full of #Hastags and acronyms of all these different things which make no sense. That’s enough to put anyone off, so I thought I’d wrote a little list/explanation of what’s what in the world of Fitness Acronyms.
Now, I might not have them all, so don’t shoot the writer if there’s one that I may have missed – just let me know and I can add it on…
Repetition. An easy one to start with. A repetition is one complete motion of an exercise. So, one burpee is one rep. One bicep curl is one rep.
A set is made up from a group of ‘reps’ (see above). So if you have 10 reps in a set, you may do three sets of that particular exercise. Reps and sets can change depending on the workout that you are doing, so don’t get confused if you see different amounts of each.
Body Mass Index. This is based on an equation using height, weight & gender. This is quite generalised as it doesn’t take in a persons body composition (amount of muscle, fat or bone in their body).
Basic Metabolic Rate. This is a basic measurement of someones daily calorie output. This is an equation made up of more factors than BMI (above) including age, gender, height, weight & body fat percentage. Use this calculator to find out how many calories you burn if you lay in bed all day…
Total Daily Energy Expenditure. Personally, I think this is the best way to figure out how many calories you should be eating in a day (if you’re into counting your cals). This pairs up your BMR, see above, and the amount of exercise you do. I always use this calculator (but remember, with any of these calculators, take them with a pinch of salt)
Personal Record/Personal Best. You’ll see this A LOT (maybe not on my news feeds lol). You can get a Personal Record on a weight that you lift, or a Personal Best on a 5k run. There’s so many things that you can get a PR/PB in – I can’t wait to see all of yours…!
If you’re telling me you read this blog and you don’t know this one by now… then you must have been reading with BOTH of your eyes closed. BBG stands for Bikini Body Guide, the name for the workout plan that I am on at the moment. There’s a nutritional plan alongside it too, and so far – it’s going pretty well!
Macronutrients. This is made up of the three main ‘parts’ of food. Carbohydrates, Proteins & Fats. A lot of fitness peeps track their macros so that they are getting the ideal amount of each for their fitness, performance & body goals.
Low Intensity Steady State. This is a form of cardio exercise. LISS is performed for a longer period of time, and is good for starting to get that body fat melted. You can generally string together a sentence while performing LISS.
High Intensity Interval Training. This is the real fat burner. Think 20-30 seconds at 90-100%, then 30-45 seconds of nothing, or at a hugely reduced rate. Sprints, high knees, mountain climbers – there’s loads of HIIT exercises you can do. Read my post here that goes through a whole load of them!
As Many Reps As Possible. Explains itself really. Set a timer, do as many reps of your chosen exercise as you can. Then try it again every couple of weeks to get one of those PBs we’ve been talking about.
Daily Onset Muscle Soreness. You ever do a workout and then two days later can’t walk? Yup – that’s DOMS for you! Everyones body is different, so some people are affected 12 hours later, some 48 hours later. Make sure you stretch/foam roll after a workout session to tone down the DOMS that will inevitably come.
If It Fits Your Macros. You’ll see that I mentioned above that some people track their macronutrients to ensure that they are fuelling their body perfectly for their goals. I used to follow IIFYM – so have a little read on that blog post here.
I hope that this little post has helped you understand a few of the acronyms and words that get thrown around in the gym and on social media. If you have anymore that you think I should add to the list, then feel free to comment below and I’ll get them on here!!